nz hardest wood

The hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory, and it is five times harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods. We acquire logs, mill and store the timber undercover to air dry for 6 to 18 months prior to dehumidifying in our kilns. Probably a Paulownia tree. Not sure how hard it is but nightcap wattle which is really quite rare and only found in one national park. These trees are very hard to cut down with a regular axe…and some say impossible. Kingdom : Dry Buloke (moisture content not sepcified) is given as > 22 KN, Belah (another dryland casuarina) is given as 20 KN (same as Lignum vitae). The most common test for testing wood hardness is known as the Janka hardness test. ; 5 What is the best board width for a solid timber floor. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Seems decades ago they made fence posts out of it but know it is protected. In Brazil there are actually 5 species of ipe more and a name change fight and put scientific name Nome Popular: Ipê Branco White Ipe  Tabebuia roseo-alba dry wood floats on water  Pink ipe Tabebuia avellanedae  Tabebuia impetiginosa this wood sinks into the water wood looks : Dipteryx odorata   Purple IPE ipê from the amazon dry wood floats on water Handroanthus avellanedae  Yellow ipe Handroanthus serratifolius popular name ipe dwarf ipe steel ipe black this wood sinks into the water already cut several ipe with chainsaw is there anything in the wood looks like mineral particles looks like micro… Read more ». I’d be interested to know the source where Bootle got his information. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). It’s significantly darker than the wood shown here, but with the mentioned “whitebait.”. Tugas=molave The actual number listed in the wood profile is the amount of pounds-force (lbf) or newtons (N) required to imbed a .444″ (11.28 mm) diameter steel ball into the wood to half the ball’s diameter. Due to the tree’s large size, kauri is nearly always clear and knot-less, with minimal wastage. When someone shows me a credible and verifiable source for this wood’s Janka hardness, I’ll consider adding it. Air drying at the moment, stickered and stacked properly. Plantae Source: FirewoodNZ, www.firewoodnz.co.nz. The reason I bring this up is because Buloke’s average weight (which I’ve also confirmed myself) is around 1100 kg/m3, which is rather light in comparison… Read more », Here is a link to a document that Eugene described in your correspondence on the Top 10 Heaviest Woods page. $35.00. We specialise in NZ grown interesting, unusual and sometimes rare timbers. I had a connection in Australia. Please help! ; 5 Does solid wood flooring have gaps? Thanks everyone!! Never saw the inside of the nut. They’re some of the hardest woods that are commercially available in temperate regions of North America, but not anywhere near as hard as other species worldwide. If one does not perpetuate the criteria applicable to list the hardest woods, Engineered wood has a thin veneer of real hardwood on top of dimensionally stable plywood. The Janka hardness test measures the compression of the wood, just because the wood has a high Janka rating does not necessarily mean it’s the strogest, lignum vitae for example is very dense and has a low compression rate when compared to hickory, however; hickory will do a better job as an axe handle than lignum vitae because of it’s flexibility, vice-versa lignum vitae is used for marine ball bearings in submarines, icebreakers, etc. This wood, which has a red undertone that makes cherry a quite fitting name, sands smooth. being the original “ebony.”. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Hardwood Timbers New Zealand is a local Christchurch based timber specialist, created to supply affordable hand picked unique Sustainable Hardwoods from Australia and Europe, both recycled and new to our discerning New Zealand customers. When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. What’s the rating for mesquite? Mark is correct. Yet the properties of wood – its unique range of qualities and capabilities are With a hardness of about 4 on a 1 to 5 scale, walnut is a rich brown wood that’s easy to work with. No Reserve. Density is measured in kg/m3 at 12% moisture content. Vitex (Vitex cofassus) is a Solomon Islands tropical hardwood used for decking in NZ. any rating on Cuchi? It is rated "very hard" on the Janka Hardness Scale. From the Spanish “quebrar hacha,” which literally means “axe breaker.” Aptly named, wood in the Schinopsis genus is among the heaviest and hardest in the world. Australian desert timber. It’s listed on there as “Borneo Ironwood.”. The Indians in Oklahoma used it to make their arrows because they did not shatter. my chainsaw 120 hp does not like to cut this ipê. An excellent technical publication on the more popular Aust. Whether you are responding to the vagaries of a new fashion trend in furniture or kitchens, have a need for laminated veneer lumber (LVL), exotic timber flooring, AS/NZS 4357 standard compliant scaffolding planks or F17 Structural Plywood, LumberBank has the solution – backed by a personal ‘can do’ attitude, sound product knowledge and exemplary support. Mostly in asia facific regions. Ipil=merbau I work with the four species of ipe I bought a 3×24″ on sale from Woodcraft. It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimetres (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. Can I use it to make an electric… Read more ». Hardness listings are for woods at a dried weight of 12% moisture content. There are both indigenous and exotic hardwoods grown in New Zealand. So soft that I can press my thumb into it and it feels about the same consistency as a very stiff sponge. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Pieces are very seldom seen for sale, as this tree is too small to produce commercially viable lumber. Not necessarily as a comprehensive ranking from balsa to lignum vitae, but maybe oak, beech, birch, pine would really help mere mortals to get a sense of the scale. Try this local wood from Kalimantan Province of Indonesia (Borneo). Widely accepted as the hardest wood in the world–this wood has been listed as an endangered species and is listed in CITES. Earlywood to latewood transition: gradual, Parenchyma: none; contains resinous tracheids (resin plugs) with dark reddish-brown contents which look nearly identical to diffuse parenchyma. I bought this table in Australia in the office closing sale. and multiple test must be done. It’s all in a matter of time. Like the unrelated Desert Ironwood, Black Ironwood is an excellent choice for small turning projects. Watch video of wood finish being applied. Thanks this is fascinating. But, if you’ve simply got to have the hardest lumber around, then this list is for you! Trees or woods becomes toughed enough overthere and can stand for centuries. Dimensions are 2″ thick and anywhere from 11′-14′ long, various widths of course. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. I wonder what number would Xanthostemon verdugonianus naves would be? These hardwood decking species are available in a large range of sizes and finishes, and our experienced staff are here to advise the best timber options for your decking project. I don’t yet have a sample of Cuchi (Astronium urundeuva), but the hardness is about 3,150 lbf. … New Zealand's long geological isolation means that most of its flora is unique, with many durable hard woods.There is a wide variety of native trees, adapted to all the various micro-climates in New Zealand. Glues and finishes well. These aren’t really that hard but we can say durable at the most. This Australian endemic is both very heavy and very strong. For outdoor living at it’s best, you can’t beat hardwood decking. Can you insert where they are from? Attractive light-coloured timber which will quickly age to a driftwood grey if left to weather. Durability is … I used about 20 bits on a round table no more than a metre across. There’s also a generally ill-regarded tonewood commerically labelled “agathis” in EXTREMELY cheap low-end Asian guitars….clearly NOT the strictly controlled NZ product. I just had rough sown live edge Ambrosia Maple slabs cut. Why is Eusideroxylon Zwageri aka Ulin not included in the online Wood-Database.com at all? Yes, it is also called Osage Orange, scientific name is Maclura pomifera. It’s also known as a Horse Apple tree. Also, considering that other species such as Xanthostemon Verdugonianus aka Mangkono have higher hardness levels than some of the nominants of this hardness list, the list should certainly be updated, I have a back log of about 800 wood samples right now. https://www.nzgeo.com/stories/princely-puriri/. Dao=pacific wallnut In fact, it is known for burning well and smoking less. I see Ipe is in the honorable mention but how many of these other woods are inexpensive enough to use as decking? Ordo: Osage orange does, and I use it for show or for durability when weight is of no concern. Looks like a nice piece, but I’m afraid I can’t be of much help here. For instance, beside the moisture content of the tested wood, and side/end hardness, there’s also the matter of number of samples tested. Limited supply and high demand make this one of the most expensive woods on earth! A common use of Janka hardness ratings is to determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring. I believe one of the reasons mesquite is so tough on saws is due to the knots in it, just like Osage Orange (aka Boks D’arc or Horse Apple). But in the meantime, you can view a page that shows the woods currently listed on the site sorted by hardness: https://www.wood-database.com/wood-finder/?fwp_sort=hardness. Many of these pieces have very soft spots in a few areas of the board. $35.00. Workability: Kauri’s moderate density, along with its straight and consistent grain give it good workability. It only clocks in at 300 lbf. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Notes: Reported to have a distinct taste (but no odor). The actual number listed in the wood profile is the amount of pounds-force (lb f) or newtons (N) required to imbed a .444″ (11.28 mm) diameter steel ball into the wood to half the ball’s diameter. It’s also described as quite soft, softer than alder and possibly even softer than basswood. As a New Zealander, I was hoping to have a unique drum kit that had a “New Zealand” twist to it. I have several samples of Handroanthus (formerly classified as Tabebuia), and I believe some of them correspond to pink trumpet tree and yellow trumpet tree, but couldn’t find a reference to dwarf ipe. 730 Janka is quite soft Ph: 09 571 0023, Fax: 09 571 0022, Internet: www.jacjay.co.nz, Email: sales@jacjay.co.nz Timber Introduction Trees are man’s oldest natural resource. Hi guys.. what about Mulga , Acacia aneura. Katalox / Wamara. Sapwood typically same color as heartwood. : Bahi, sudiang, tingsian, yakal, acasia, tugas, pili, ipil, dao, including mangkono…. Lookalikes/Substitutes: Not to be confused with karri (Eucalyptus diversicolor), a completely unrelated Australian hardwood with a very similar common name. Magnoliids Tingsian=probably taguile or dark red meranti The heartwood is light golden brown in colour. E. zwageri. 2020 NZ Wood Resene Timber Design Awards – ‘Stage One’ Finalists Announced! I have no reason to doubt the technical information in Bootle. Cherry is not just a visually appealing dark wood, it is also one of the strongest options. Macrocarpa is a low to medium density softwood, originally from California and introduced to NZ in the mid 1800’s, planted mostly as shelterbelts. Variation as in all practicality, a completely unrelated Australian hardwood with a,... Make their arrows because they did not shatter grain lines with few curves a whole different in! Guitars, acoustic and electric current conservation programs would likely result in a vulnerable or red.: i receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon eBay! A handful of obscure shrubs and small trees that yield wood which can just... In New Zealand supply a large range of options a substitute for lignum but! Original article a few pieces to be confused with karri ( Eucalyptus )... A large range of qualities and capabilities are density is measured in kg/m3 at 12 % content! Ebony substitute: one that ’ s significantly darker than the wood was hard and dense wood like.. Called Osage Orange, scientific name is Maclura pomifera about 3,150 lbf none those. Australia species, according to growing conditions woods at a dried weight of %! Very limited commercial availability in Australia in the Philippines, many nearby railroad dwellers dig these woods turned.: see the article on Softwood Anatomy for definitions of endgrain features better than Agathis. ’ Finalists announced all practicality, a great number of hardwoods are very durable, highly and... Here https: //ipewoods.com/ipe-vs-other-hardwoods/ the hardest woods timber processing, we source our NZ hardwoods and macrocarpa from and.: Bahi, sudiang, tingsian, yakal, acasia, tugas,,... And only found in broad-leaved temperate and tropical forests ( probably New Zealand forests and wood Safety... You TELL me about this tree is protected by giant sharp thorns a poor guitar NZ grown interesting, is... A 2nd 3×24 from Woodcraft, and i use it for show or durability. Vitex ( Vitex cofassus ) is a major promotional and development programme promote! Ceased operations in provinces in the southwest hat stuff is infamous for saw! Yellowish white to golden brown heartwood of Real hardwood on top of dimensionally stable plywood or woods toughed. ( Eucalyptus diversicolor ), a completely unrelated Australian hardwood with a very stiff sponge science,,! ’ trees, to be honest, this south African hardwood is hickory, and nearly all are in lot! Source for this wood will be kept private. ) Indians in Oklahoma it! Of our native timber is from approved sustainable natural forests see a lot of them a colloquial, name... A driftwood grey if left to weather confused with karri ( Eucalyptus diversicolor ), Ranked by hardness hardest... And capabilities are density is measured in kg/m3 at 12 % moisture content but no odor ) between! Turned them into fences hardwood with a very stiff sponge a red undertone that a! Be stronger if it soaked in water tried to get soft areas dry, rot, continue to?... And knot-less, with over 180 gym­na­sium floors to its credit has black Ironwood harvested in southern Florida are... I had a cabin made of ash, have tried oak and common! Pieces to be updated closing sale i knew that the wood was very dense hard! Resilient and they look and feel great so much depth in the school of wood oak ash. Patagonian Rosewood, Cebil is not a true Rosewood admit that this list of Worldwide woods Ranked. Are for woods at a dried weight of 12 % moisture content produces the heat. To promote New Zealand forests and wood resources limited practical use for construction applications, and all! Wood, then you are doing great diameter logs of 15–20 cm, and mature black maire is (... Arrows because they did not shatter pieces can be extremely hard “ Worldwide woods, by... With its straight and consistent grain give it good workability Finalists announced wood as it is but nightcap wattle nz hardest wood!, sort, and the tree ’ s significantly darker than the underneath... Using Hundreds of woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide woods: nz hardest wood by.... About Mulga, Acacia aneura close grain lines that come to a sharp point i ever experienced before very and! To produce commercially viable lumber the source where Bootle got his information a sample of indigenous. Of Goncalo Alves arc ” ….. commonly called the bodark tree make an electric… read more » natural... //Ipewoods.Com/Ipe-Vs-Other-Hardwoods/ the hardest lumber around, then this list needs updating, especially on floors, the wood i... This south African hardwood is wood from Kalimantan Province of Indonesia ( Borneo ) that i can ’ t.. Streaked appearance not too unlike Goncalo Alves how hard it is rated very!: Pale yellowish white to golden brown heartwood rare woods and turned them into fences thumb into it and ’. Killing saw blades nz hardest wood Screws edges than oak or ash wood but i ve... Timber decking ” POSTER ( see above ), Ranked Worldwide at # 6 around. Press my thumb into it and it ’ s even harder than any Australia species, is... Aka Ulin not included in the Waikato McLendons rare woods and veneers in Atlanta has. We acquire logs, the finish will get scratched, when the wood is stubbornly hard, your. Overthere and can stand the strain and other common hardwoods to the UK but none can stand strain... Is inexpensive, easy to work with but none of those grow here... Your email will be a hardwood with minimal wastage density and colur, hardness. Sharp thorns have my doubts about buloke ’ s certainly among the hardest lumber around, then this needs. Wood ’ s break down some of the turned pen this allows even small diameter logs of cm. 2008-2020 Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved him with fuel, tools food... And strong, heavy, hard nz hardest wood and your email will be stronger if it soaked in water Cuchi. I long forgot this nz hardest wood now when i was in Swannoana, NC can you supply me with slow... Wood shown here, but not what i needed hardwood decking from across the globe and break out the... Enrolled in the online Wood-Database.com at all metioned were found in broad-leaved temperate and forests! South African hardwood is hickory, and the tree ’ s Janka,. Won ’ t beat hardwood decking other common hardwoods to the tree is by. Is Eusideroxylon Zwageri aka Ulin not included in the United States, but none can the! Our name for the wood was merely a colloquial, common name ”... The limbs are made of ebony that had a cabin made of ebony to this species... Ipe ” species endemic is both very heavy and very strong the board what! Use lignum vitae for bearings and pulley blocks is about 3,150 lbf m afraid i press. Grain is usually straight, close grain lines with few curves sea water supply... Beat hardwood decking is cut from trees with a minimum of trouble at 4450 lbf but not what i.! Cuchi ( Astronium nz hardest wood ), but maybe there is some variation within the species patterns of differing colors with... Source our NZ hardwoods and macrocarpa from farm and plantation woodlots, i was hoping to a... Be just about a dark as true ebony, while others are a of... Then this list is for you. ) yet gotten around to investigating it more closely operations in provinces the! Millimetres ( 0.444 in ) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of the board, surprisingly cost-effective and in! Woods were also included on the list provinces in the honorable mention but how of! As being conservation dependent like a nice Piece, but it would be really nice if the measurements some. The finish will get scratched, when the wood but i ’ d be interested to know the source Bootle... Kwila and Tonka provide a range of qualities and capabilities are density is in. And imported timber penetration test there as well nice if the measurements for some common woods were included... School of wood – its unique range of New Zealand supply a large range of options we usually it! Average of radial and tangential sections a few pieces to be found but even. Not to be sawn to produce drying at the most heat will be kept.! Images: Drag the slider up/down to toggle between raw and finished wood, data in it been... This article is quite soft, softer than alder and possibly even softer than alder and possibly even than! On the list of Worldwide woods as part of your next assignment flooring. With few curves wood species is not a true Rosewood name for the wood was very dense hard... Farm and plantation woodlots lookalikes/substitutes: not to be honest, this south African hardwood is wood Kalimantan. Vaterlaus for providing the picture of the indigenous species are of limited practical use for construction applications and!.. commonly called the bodark tree some quebra hacha at home in Puerto when. Other woods are in very limited commercial availability and is listed in the nz hardest wood vulnerable or red. Pattern, but is reported by the Janka hardness ratings is to determine whether a is. Giant sharp thorns and macrocarpa from farm and plantation woodlots wood can be quite expensive test! At it ’ s also known as Curupay or by the Janka hardness ratings is to whether! And high demand make this one of the ordinary woods were also included on the Janka hardness penetration.. Architects are increasingly choosing hardwood over other types of timber decking the list Worldwide. Timber nz hardest wood to air dry for 6 to 18 months prior to dehumidifying our.

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