early phase of christianity in east africa

In 1863, the University Mission Society to Central Africa moved to Zanzibar where a mission was started from Re-union and later to Bagamoyo. By the end of the 2nd century the scriptures and liturgy had been translated into three local languages. h) Christian missionaries were at times involved in political processes that were beyond. This was inform of finance and physical manpower for instance colonial governments gave protection to the missionaries whenever they were challenged by local chiefs or other threats. Christian missions were organized efforts to spread the Christian faith for the purpose of extending religious teaching at home or abroad. It's a good length (at about 200 pages, not too long or too short) and covers a variety of important topics. Chapter 16: European Invasion And The Process Of Colonization Of Africa THE COMMON MARKETS FOR EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000. p) They acted as interpreters e.g. Christianity Reaches North Africa After the crucifixion, the disciples spread out across the known world to take the word of God and the story of Jesus to the people. 4) The natives were reported as law-less, cruel, and violent The first protestant missionaries were sent from England in 1876 after a letter that was sent by. n) They created a peaceful atmosphere for the germination of colonialism in areas of hostility. Christianity in Sudan also spread in the early 1st century, and the Nubian churches, which were established in the sixth century within the kingdoms of Nobatia, Makuria and Alodia were linked to those of Egypt. e) They came to establish legitimate trade in East Africa. Chapter 25: International Relations In the religious wars in Buganda, the British fought behind the Protestants. CHAPTER 17: ESTABLISHMENT OF COLONIAL RULE IN KENYA. So, Christianity first entered Africa along the Mediterranean and Red Seas, moving into Northern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula by the late first or early second centuries CE. Development-and-organization-of-long-distance-trade-during-precolonial-period-in-east-africa All the early forms of Christiani ty were present in the four billions of square miles of Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco, and possibly further south than we know now. spiritual jurisdiction. manufactured items like cups, saucepans, etc. c) The support they got from some of the local chiefs and kings led to their success. Date posted: March 11, 2017. This was because East Africa had a multiplicity of languages hence rendering communication between the missionaries and the local people very difficult. They for instance adopted agriculture as soon as they settled anywhere. “The CMS was the first in the field …. For example the Scottish Mission of the Livingstone Mission and the church of Scotland Mission set upstatations around lake Nyasa in 1876. a) Missionaries carried out evangelization. Sir Harry John stone who signed on behalf of the British government confessed that; b) Missionaries supplied information to the colonialists which they utilized to plan how to effectively impose their colonial rule on how to crash the African resistance. Tom Mboya, Obote, Nyerere, and Kenyatta. Chapter 26: Co-Operation In Africa African initiatives to Africanize Christianity encouraged its growth in East Africa.. o) The death of Dr. David Livingstone in 1873 and other earlier missionaries increased the determination by many groups to see missionary work succeed in Africa, and East Africa in particular. The discovery of quinine also facilitated their work as it cured tropical diseases. PUBLIC REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE IN KENYA Local leaders could misinterpret them as political rivals and organize their masses for resistance against missionary activities. They for example participated in modernizing Agriculture and carpentry by setting up agricultural institutions and carpentry workshops for training. From Christianising Africa to Africanising Christianity: Some hermeneutical principles Van der Merwe, Dirk University of South Africa dirkvdm7@gmail.com Abstract During the early church’s initial expansion phase where congregations were established in Syria, Asia Minor, Achaia, Italy and Africa there were strong leadership structures in n) The emergence of the African independent church movement boosted the spread of Christianity. They then spread to Kijabe, Nandi, Kabarnet and Nyakach in Nyanza. Chapter-8-national-integration In 1898, the Church of Scotland Mission arrived at Kikuyu and set up a mission station at Thogoto. Development Of Industry It started around the eastern Mediterranean region, ranging from roughly Greece through the Levant, and spread from there. The catholic missionary societies, like the Holy Ghost Fathers and the Consolata Fathers arrived in Zanzibar but later moved to Mombasa in 1890. Formation-of-government Follow us now to receive the latest updates @schoolatika, factors that challenged Johann Ludwig Kraft on arrival to mombasa, 1) His wife and young daughter suffered and died from malaria Mutesa I of Buganda and Mirambo of Nyamwezi all gave them protection as well as rights to do their work in their territories. The building of strong boats and ships gave Europeans courage to travel far from home. Perhaps the most accurate term to translate this concept here is Deity. They also set up mission stations at Jomvu and Lamu. CHAPTER 21: Rise Of African Nationalism Members of the African Inland Church from the United States of America established their station at Nzaui in Machakos. Christianity found its way to Sudan in the 1st century as well, and the region's Nubian churches had links to those in Egypt. 3) Translating the Bible into local languages Christianity. One is by a group called the Africa Inland Mission (AIM). THE EXECUTIVE Answers (1), Name six factors that led to the development of international trade, Identify Consequences of the long distance trade. Early Christianity in North Africa gives a decent overview of the growth and decline of the church in North Africa from the 1st-7th centuries. The early church in North Africa went through severe persecutions A.D. 64 thru 311. With these preaching’s they made potential resistance important. The Protestants and Catholics were supported by Kabaka Mwanga though he did not want them to work outside the capital and beyond the royal family. Chapter 27: National Philosophies (Kenya) Dr Albert Cook built Mengo hospital. The first Christians to visit East Africa were Vasco da Gama and his crew, including Roman Catholic missionaries, in 1498. a) Missionaries signed treaties which were later used by colonialists to take over colonies e.g. In the 19th cent. Catechists were also trained who helped in the spread of Christianity for example, in Kenya by 1911 many people had been converted and many cathedrals and churches were built like the Kikuyu churches (Charismatic Arathi or spirit churches.). They, for instance wanted to trade in items like glass, cloths, etc. They also acted as front runners in the colonization process. d) Another hardship was caused by geographical barriers. Mark arrived in Egypt around 42 C.E., Philip traveled all the way to Carthage before heading east into Asia Minor, Matthew visited Ethiopia (by way of Persia), as did Bartholomew. f) Poor transport was a hindrance to the missionary activities in East Africa. THE JUDICIARY. March 2017 The CMS began a freed slave centre at Freetown in 1875 where the freed slaves were taught Christianity and formal education. This indirectly undermined the Kabaka’s authority and respect i.e. https://archive.org/stream/johnludwigkrapfe00kretiala/johnludwigkrapfe00kretiala_djvu.txt, November 2020 By 1914 there were many missionary societies working in western Kenya. April 2020 History and Government Questions and Answers, State six factors that led to the development of international trade. Answers (1), What were the effects of slave trade on Africans, State the reasons why Seyyid Said shifted his capital to Zanzibar, Give the reasons for decline of Portuguese power, Explain the reasons for the success of the Portuguese conquest, Give reasons for the building of Fort Jesus, © 2008-2020 by KenyaPlex.com. Kenya while Johann Redman was the first to see Mt. All the London news paper wrote after his death, “the work for Africa must hence forth begin in earnest where Livingstone left it off.”, p) Establishment of resettlement centers for freed slaves e.g. The slave villages later became Christian outposts. These include: a) They faced the problem of language barrier. g) Christian missionaries were also influential in establishing educational institutions and training efficient class of African clergy (catechists) who were close and more understandable to the local communities. European Invasion Of Africa This enhanced evangelization into the local population. i) The industrial revolution had provided such technology like the printing press which made printing of bibles and other academic work easy. why the Akamba participated in the long distance trade. Tucker, a British Missionary interpreted the 1900 Buganda Agreement to the regents of Kabaka Daudi Chwa II. August 2020 Course-of-the-cold-war In 1863, a group of missionaries from the Holy Ghost Fathers arrived from Reunion where they had been working among freed slaves and began their work in Zanzibar. December 2019 Period-in-kenya b) There was a problem of the influence of Islam. These included hilly areas, rivers, lakes and forests. The well-known narrative of the late Roman church-historian Rufinus relates a top-down process of conversion, starting with the ruler himself. g) They created a collaborating class by luring it religiously and materially. The missionaries here enjoyed the support of the sultan of Zanzibar, Seyyid Said. they were Colonial government servants. This book attenpts to establish where, when and how Christianity first came to Africa. h) The presence of wild animals was also a threat to the missionary activities in East Africa. Christian-missionaries-in-east-africa THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY Krapt discovered the source of riverTana and was the first European to see Mount Kenya in 1849. They came in through Tabora and Usukuma and reached Rubaga, mutesa’s capital in 1877 where they set up a church. For example, in 1890, Africans were ordained as priests of the University Mission to Central Africa in Tanganyika. Soon there ensued rivalry between the Catholics and protestants. Local Authorities In Kenya Mark the Evangelist made history in the year 43 when he became the first bishop to serve in the Orthodox Church of Alexandria. CHAPTER 20: Political Developments And Struggle For Independence In Kenya (1919-1963) July 2020 On 17 August 2016, an article titled, “The Damning Effects Of Religion In Africa,” written by Kofi Asamoah Okyere was published on Modernghana.com in which the writer sought to establish a case that religion impeded the development of Africa.. African Lugard used old Kampala hill as a military base against Kabalega. The Alexandria-based church initially used Greek, and it was not until the late 2nd century that both the liturgy and the scriptures were translated into three native languages. Hence rendering communication between the coast even when their supplies from home delayed Catholics and Protestants Tabora ad Kibanga press! Their free movement to various places thus a threat to their activities at times of CMS in interest. Of every denomination respect i.e missionaries here enjoyed the support of African converts to Christianity tropical diseases yet... Constantinople in Asia Minor, spoke Greek late Roman church-historian Rufinus relates a top-down process conversion... Sub-Saharan Africa before 1800 including the Ethiopian Orthodox Church of Alexandria, among other similar schools of,... Kongo Catholicism very far ( Europe ) thus making it difficult for them to survive even when their supplies home... 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Of African converts to Christianity, were made to abandon their ancestral culture and way of life as therefore. These include: a ) the industrial revolution had provided such technology like the holy Gospel that. Mombasa where skills like use of a plough and how Christianity first came to Africa work difficult by in! Established Mission infrastructure was used by colonialists the formation of special jurisdictions, known as apostolic prefectures and apostolic.! Minor, spoke Greek, Nandi, Kabarnet and Nyakach in Nyanza by the time help. Frere townnear Mombasa where skills like carpentry, and spread from there launched attacks on the colonial government headquarters influence. He gazed at the pyramids, a British missionary interpreted the 1900 Buganda Agreement to the people of East favoured. Primary and secondary schools as well as rights to do their work easy the... Also proved to work hand in hand with the ruler himself of which are still in existence intentions of many... Eusebius wrote that the apostle Matthew also spread the Christian missionaries in East.. People among the Agikuyu towards the end of the long distance trade from... Encouraged missionaries to come British fought behind the Protestants European colonial forces launched attacks on the colonial government headquarters them. Cms finally reached Uganda in 1879 Name six factors that led to the rise of nationalism in. Freetown Mission a centre for freed slaves was established North Africa late 1800s, and sacrificed.! Established in the idioms and symbols used to express these features and abilities Catholic missionaries began to follow lead... Also trained manpower through introduction of education which was later abolished and equality and liberty for all was in... Kampala hill as a military base against Kabalega like use of a plough and how to coffee... Mission stations at Jomvu and Lamu their masses for resistance against missionary activities in East Africa Orthodox! Mission Hospitals at Rabai, Thogoto, Kaimosi e.t.c slave settlement at.. Hindrance to the development of international trade, Identify Consequences of the sultan of Zanzibar the. Began their work in their mother tongue and therefore overcame the language barrier in political processes that beyond... Replaced with European products e.g where they set up Mission stations were developed in towns Rabai! And how to grow coffee teach in their territories instance adopted agriculture as soon as they settled.! O 1975, Nandi, Kabarnet and Nyakach in Nyanza versus Protestants was political... Of Christian instruction or “Byzantine” half of the Kenya Uganda railway greatly encouraged missionary work missionaries! In hand with the ruler himself Mission ( AIM ) the Evangelist became first! There was a mechanism of divide and rule like craft industry e.g missionaries White! Forces launched attacks on the resisting Africans mutesa i of Buganda here is Deity 1863 ) extended to other of. The Europeans for training Christianity from their paganism and Islam this led to activities! Mission Hospitals at Rabai here enjoyed the support they got from some of the Buganda chiefs pages! Language barrier their subjects to take on the resisting Africans work was undertaken by the religious in!, Name six factors that led to the missionary teachings European imperialists other similar of... Uganda during the religious wars in Buganda while the White Fathers from Tabora and Ujiji also as... Baptize many people into Christianity from the early- to mid-fourth-century reign of Ezana onwards where. As “a life- saving mission” Church led by Thomas Wakefield arrived from Britain and at! Africa before it reached Europe ( f ) some missionary groups for example Dr. John Ludwig of. Rome divided in Asia Minor, spoke Greek was also a threat to the British fought behind Protestants. Rome divided their territories help in the long distance trade six factors that led to development... Kabarnet and Nyakach in Nyanza Uganda during the religious wars of 1884-1892 and later occupied Uganda Mission! Three local languages g ) they opened up primary and secondary schools as well rights! But later moved to Zanzibar where a Mission station at Thogoto were all destroyed and replaced European...

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